(1) Our bodies are made of material elements such as earth, water and fire. The red dot on the forehead represents the subtle body – mind, intelligence and false ego. But our consciousness is separate from these material elements. We are not the body. The soul, or consciousness, is seated in the heart of the gross body.
(2) The chariot of the body. The five horses represent the five senses (tongue, eyes, ears, nose and skin). The reins, the driving instrument, symbolize the mind. Above the mind is the intelligence, the driver. The passenger is the spirit soul, going along for the ride…
(3) Krishna and His eternal consort, Radharani, are shown in Their spiritual abode, Goloka Vrindavana. The upside-down tree below Them is the banyan tree, representing the material world, which is a perverted reflection of the spiritual world. The demigods are on the top branches, the human beings are on the middle branches, and the animals are on the lower branches. On the right a man is disentangling himself from the tree by cutting it with the weapon of detachment.
(4) The humble sage, by virtue of true knowledge, sees with equal vision a learned and gentle brahmana, a cow, an elephant, a dog and a dog-eater [outcaste]. Bhagavad-gita 5.18
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